Acne commonly affects people once they enter puberty, as production of the hormone androgen increases, resulting in more oil production in the skin. Acne develops when oil (sebaceous) glands around the hair follicles become plugged. Bacteria grow in the trapped oil and irritate the glands, causing redness, pain, and swelling. While acne commonly appears on the face, it can also develop on the neck, chest, shoulders, and back. Acne symptoms can range from mild (occasional outbreaks of individual pimples) to severe (frequent eruptions of swollen and deep cysts).
How acne is treated depends on the type of acne you have and how severe it is. Topical and oral medications, such as antibiotics, retinoids and other preparations, are typically used as the first course of treatment. Chemical peels improve skin tone, texture, and radiance as well as treat acne. When acne is more severe, oral isotretinoin may be prescribed. Medications vary in their effectiveness and have to be taken for a period of time for improvement to become noticeable.
Adult female acne often has a hormonal component. It may worsen just prior to or during the start of the menstrual cycle. Acne in pregnancy can be safely treated with a combination of topical antibiotic called erythromycin, azelaic acid, and blue light treatment.
Acne scars are the result of inflamed blemishes that leave dark and red spots on your face that last for a very long time if they go untreated. Although some acne scars may heal quickly some need to be professionally treated to see results.
Dr Nandini Baruah, a cosmetic dermatologist holds vast experience in her field. She has undergone extensive training in various reputed institutes throughout the country. She is a trained professional who routinely performs a number of high volume cosmetic procedures like fillers, botox, thread lifts, PRPs and various other dermatosurgical procedures. She specializes in aesthetic medicine and facial rejuvenation surgeries.